a. Fluorescence wavelength range: 400 nm-900 nm (can be extend to 1700 nm as optional function)
b. Scanning core: Galvo-based XY scanners
c. Scanning mode: uni-direction/ bi-direction
d. Scanning resolution: <4096 x 4096
e. Scanning speed:2 fps bi-directional scanning (Maximum)
f. Data bits: 16-bit
g. Scanning Zoom-in: 1-80 x
h. Scanning methods:
j. Filter wheel for automation laser controlling: Supports 4 different wavelengths of lasers (maximum)
k. Dual output switching design
a. Wavelength range 405 nm +/-3 nm (Can be adjusted according to customers’ requirement)
b. Bandwidth: 0.52 nm
c. Maximum intensity: >20 mW
d. Power Stability: <2% RMS< br /> e. Optical output: 25 µm MM fiber
a. Multialkali photocathode detector
b. Range: 185 nm-900 nm (Can be adjusted according to customers’ requirement)
c. Equipped with photon counter
d. Quantum yield: 32% @ 450 (maximum)
a. Main frame: Olympus BX-43
b. XY handle position: right hand side
c. XY full range: 76 mm x 52 mm
d. Z axis full range: 25 mm
e. Z axis adjustment: 100 um/rev ; resolution: 1 um
a. LED based Kohler illumination light source
b. Standard model with 20 x PLN and 50 x PLN Objective
c. Detector pixels: 1.3 MP
d. Detector: color CMOS
f. Communication port: USB
g. Field of view: 850 µm (@ 20 x objective)
|Signal Capture System||
a. Bus interface: PCIe
b. Analog input channels: 8
c. Analog sampling rate: <500 kS/s
d. Analog input ADC resolution: 16-bit
e. Analog output channels: 2
f. Analog output maximum update rate: <900 kS/s
g. Analog output DAC resolution: 16-bit
h. Digital I/Os: 24
i. Counters: 4
j. Counter resolution: 32-bit
k. Internal Base Clock: 100MHz
a. Official windows 7 pro operation system
c. LCD monitor
Description of Objective Magnification and Imaging Resolution:
|Parameters for Lens|
|Magnification||1.25x||5x||10x||20x||50x||50x L||100x||100x L|
|Field of view(µm)||11200||2800||1400||700||280||280||140||140|
|Beam spot size (µm)*||12.5||5||2||1.3||0.7||1||0.6||0.65|
*All data are calculated for 405nm Laser diffraction-limit criterion
Study Application 1.
－ High resolution laser scanning confocal image
－ For studying perovskite solar cell grain-boundary structures and surface morphology
－ Grain size of perovskite solar cell is a key factor of solar conversion efficiency. Utilize laser scanning confocal microscope, we would be able to investigate the grain size even if the solar cell is made into device.
－ A high resolution 1024x1024 image can be acquired less than 5 second.
－ Meanwhile, if sample have regional distributions, users can use ROI to investigate different areas without any sample moving.
▲Figure 2：Images of laser scanning confocal microscopes
Study Application 2.
－ Study in micro-scale perovskite grain boundary defects
－ Defects in perovskite solar cell will be reflected on PL characteristics. Utilizing PFCM-1000, we can not only see the grain boundary distribution by its PL intensity, but also detect PL spectrum by setting ROI for micro-scale spot less than 1µm, which could be indications for defect structure to improving the manufacture.
Study Application 3.
－ FLIM(Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscope)
－ By synchronizing TCSPC system with laser scanning confocal microscope, we are able to measure 2D optics intensity distribution and PL decay time of in the same time. As images showed below, we can clearly understand that higher intensity of local area is contributed by longer PL decay time.
－ FLIM is total investigation for our enclosed device.
Study Application 5.
▲Figure 1. optical sectioning of sample
▲Figure 2. 3D structures of device